The traditional form of public trust is characterized by high efficiency and low cost. Whether it is directly issuing currency or directly issuing digital certificates, it is more straightforward than blockchain solutions. But the shortcomings of this form of public trust are also obvious, that is, it is risky. The risk here includes systemic Bitcoin hardware walletrisk and moral hazard. System risk refers to the existence of loopholes that can be exploited by criminals in the design of the trust or transfer system. For example, if a hacker breaks into the RSA authentication server to obtain the root authentication key, it may lead to the authentication system of the entire Internet e-commerce system Disorders and breakdowns make normal electronic transactions impossible. Moral hazard refers to the risk that the entrusted authority takes advantage of the right to do things that are beneficial to itself but harms the participants because of the centralized control of the right of credibility. For example, the government's abuse of currency causes inflation and harms ordinary residents. economic benefit.
The advantages of Taproot over the original MAST structure are obvious. In the case of cooperation, the blockchain or the script itself no longer needs to contain an additional 32-byte hash, thereby improving efficiency. In addition, the transaction looks "normal", just a payment with a public key and signature, and the existence of other spending conditions does not need to be displayed. This is a huge privacy benefit for external third-party observers. For example, when a lightning channel is opened or even a cooperative lightning channel is closed, the transaction looks like a regular Bitcoin expenditure. The transaction can be constructed such that the existence of the Merkel tree needs to be displayed only when the uncooperative lightning channel is closed. The more different types of transactions look the same, the better the privacy, because third parties may not be able to determine which types of transactions are taking place and generating capital flows. The long-term goal of some Bitcoin developers may be to ensure that no matter what type of transaction occurs, at least in the so-called cooperative situation, all transactions look the same.
RyanSean Adams interprets Ethereum as a currency that combines three assets: capital assets, the currency used to pay for gas, and the general currency that expands with the Ethereum economic system. In addition, relative to the price volatility of Ethereum, DAI is a stable currency, 1DAI=1USD. Finally, RyanSean Adams refers to Ether as a store of value, while DAI is the currency for daily use.
Bancor financed through an ICO and raised a record US$153 million in 2017, but its slightly slower pace of development may be difficult to meet high investment expectations. It ranks first among the most popular dApps in the past 24 hours with only 156 users. The transaction volume of other single blockchain DEX platforms such as IDEX and ForkDelta has surpassed Bancor. However, the launch of BancorX may eventually promote the development of Bancor.
You can see that the criminal law theory in the past and the behavior mentioned above can be divided. The offender may not commit the crime directly, but increase the probability of various accidents through smart contracts. For example, given the walking route of a car, the offender can send a smart contract to other artificial intelligence-controlled vehicles on the route, and increase the speed by 50% to get rewards. In the end, the person in the car may be lucky and not dead, but if he is not lucky, he will die. This crime process may be equivalent to multiple accidents that finally caused the death of the victim. So did these accidents constitute a crime? And how should he assert his offense? He has no intention of committing a joint crime. I think these will pose some challenges to criminal law practice and criminal law theory. Of course, everyone is thinking about how to solve these problems technically. There is no such thing for now. These are still in the state of thought experiments, and no relevant examples have appeared for the time being.
Financial blogger BeatleNews made a similar point. Since Bitcoin hardware walletMarch 13 (in the past two months), the BTC balance in mainstream exchange wallet addresses has fallen by 5%, and since April 23 (in the past month or so), the balance The amount of addresses greater than 1,000 BTC has increased by 24%, and the whale is attracting money.
Third, the differentiated custody of relevant government accounts. As mentioned above, there are many social service organizations, government agencies, national leaders, etc. who make announcements through Twitter, and these messages are usually closely related to the social people’s livelihood and international relations. The security of this type of account is more secure than other types of accounts. important. So, in order to prevent such accounts from being stolen and causing social unrest and even international misunderstandings, can Twitter use technical means to protect these accounts or set up special login verification methods to ensure the top secret and security of the accounts?
Alice holds the private key x, then chooses a random number r, and the origin G on the elliptic curve, calculates R:=r*G, public key X:=x*G, and uses the hash function to get a random number for Verify the number e:=Hash(R,X,message), and then calculate s:=e*x+r.
V God said in June that after adopting second-layer scaling solutions such as Sharding and Plasma, the Ethereum network will eventually be able to process 1 million transactions per second, and may exceed 100 million transactions per second. If this goal can be achieved, then the mass adoption of the Ethereum network will be a breeze.